Michael Felt from Energy Specialists Consulting runs through the basics
Practical terminal design requires an understanding of the intended use of the facility and the expectations of the owner. Incorporating desired features while understanding the purpose and functionality are necessary for proper terminal design.
Proper design should meet the functional requirements for the facility and absorb differences between the inbound and outbound product streams. These include terminals with product movements via inbound/outbound pipelines, rail cars, trucks, barges, tankers, and all combinations of these modes of product transportation.
TERMINALS PROVIDE BUFFERS BETWEEN SUPPLY AND DEMAND STREAMS
Terminals absorb differences in flows due to fluctuations between supply and demand streams. Typical examples include large diameter, long distance refined products liquid pipeline systems that deliver multiple products to markets located far from the refineries...