Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) is looking to develop a market and supply chain for the use of ammonia as a fuel, expanding its use to 3 million tpa by 2030.
Argus Media reports that the plans will form part of Japan’s efforts to decarbonise by 2050. METI has published roadmaps towards 2030 and 2050 which outline the use of ammonia as fuel for shipping and in power generation. By 2030, ammonia could make up 10% of Japan’s power portfolio. METI produced the roadmaps in collaboration with a committee made up of private sector representatives.
By 2030, METI aims to achieve 20% ammonia co-firing at its coal-fired power stations, increasing this to 50%. It hopes to develop technology for 100% ammonia-fired power generation by 2050. Demand for hydrogen could reach 30 million tpa by 2050. Demand is currently around 1 million tpa, with domestic supply accounting for 80% of that. However, the roadmap outlines plans to develop logistics and infrastructure, including storage and port facilities, to import more ammonia from overseas, and Japan is urging its companies to invest in supply chains.