The East Siberia Pacific Ocean (ESPO) pipeline is shaping up.
China National Petroleum has completed construction of a 1,090m tunnel beneath the Amru River for a planned 1,000km extension from Russias ESPO pipeline.
The tunnel is the most complex stretch of the extension of the ESPO line and the oil pipe can now be laid beneath the river, with work to be completed by the end of this month.
Russias state-owned pipeline monopoly OAO Transneft completed construction on its section of the extension to China last October but noted the Chinese were experiencing technical difficulties with their initial section under the Amur River.
The pipeline extension is part of a project under which 15 million tonnes/year of Russian oil will be transported from the ESPO terminus at Sokovorodino to the Chinese industrial city of Daqing. The Chinese estimate construction of the 1,000 km pipeline will be finished this October.