Russian oil exported through Arctic waters is increasing, prompting several Norwegian ports and terminals to bid for greater involvement in the market.
Operator Alexela wants its terminal outside Gulen, southern Norway, to become a transit terminal for oil from Murmansk.
The company has requested permission from the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority to handle 2.5 million tonnes a year.
The Kirkenes Transit is operating a floating terminal outside Honningsvåg, northern Norway. It is believed to handle primarily oil from Lukoil. ShipCargo also has permission for limited reloading of oil near Kirkenes.
A new report from AkvaPlan Niva and the Norwegian Barents Secretariat shows that the amount of Russian oil exported through the north could by 2015 increase to more than 100 million tonnes.
In 2008, the amount of oil shipped in the area was 15 million tonnes.
Russian companies increasingly see the Arctic as a key export route for oil. In 2008 Lukoil opened its Varandey terminal on the Pechora Sea coast which will have an annual capacity of 12 million tonnes to be exported through the Barents Sea.